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Brookfields Primary School

Phase 4 Resources for Home

 Phase 4 Phonics


When children start Phase Four of the Letters and Sounds phonics programme, they will know a grapheme for each of the 42 phonemes. They will be able to blend phonemes to read CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words and segment in order to spell them.  The phonemes can be found under Phase Two and Phase Three on the Year 1 Homepage.  


Children will also have begun reading straightforward two-syllable words and simple captions, as well as reading and spelling some tricky words. A selection of these words can be found under Phase Two and Phase Three on the Year 1 Homepage.  


In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.  The adjacent consonants are below.  




Tricky words

During Phase 4, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced:



High Frequency Words


High frequency words are common words, words that appear very often in written texts. They are a mixture of decodable words (words that can be sounded out) and tricky / exception words (words in which the English spelling code works in an unusual or uncommon way, which means the words have to be learned and recognised by sight).

It is really important that children learn how to read these words as they will make up a large proportion of the words they will be reading in everyday texts. 




How do I use Phase 4 Blend Spotter Stories?


Use this range of Blend Spotter Stories to reinforce the end blends learned in Phase 4.  Encourage your chid to find the end blend in the words.  


These stories contain the end blends. These are:



The stories will also contain Phase 4 HFW, which your child may need some support with.  These are:


Can you read these polysyllabic words? These are long words.

Initial Blend 



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