Children will also have begun reading straightforward two-syllable words and simple captions, as well as reading and spelling some tricky words. A selection of these words can be found under Phase Two and Phase Three on the Year 1 Homepage.
In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk. The adjacent consonants are below.
During Phase 4, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced:
High Frequency Words
High frequency words are common words, words that appear very often in written texts. They are a mixture of decodable words (words that can be sounded out) and tricky / exception words (words in which the English spelling code works in an unusual or uncommon way, which means the words have to be learned and recognised by sight).
It is really important that children learn how to read these words as they will make up a large proportion of the words they will be reading in everyday texts.