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Brookfields Primary School

WB 14.09.20 History The Great Fire of London



In maths we will be focussing on number bonds to 5.  Click on the link below to watch the lesson.  

The Great Fire of London


This half term, we have been learning about the Great Fire of London.  Have a look at the picture below.  Can you discuss what is happening? 

London was a busy city in 1666. It was very crowded. The streets were narrow and dusty. The houses were made of wood and very close together. Inside their homes, people used candles for light and cooked on open fires. A fire could easily get out of control. In those days there were no fire engines or firemen to stop a fire from spreading.


The fire began on early Sunday morning on the 2nd of September. It started in Pudding Lane in the shop of the king’s baker, Thomas Farrinor. When Thomas went to bed, he did not put out the fire that heated his oven. Sparks from the oven fell onto some dry flour sacks and they caught fire. The flames spread through the house, down Pudding Lane and into the nearby streets.


Soon London was filled with smoke. The sky was red with huge flames from the fire. By Monday, 300 houses had burned down.


Everybody was in a panic. People loaded their things onto carts and tried to leave town. Others tried to get away on boats on the river. Some people buried their things in the garden, hoping to save them from the fire.


The fire still spread, helped by a strong wind from the east. London Bridge and St Paul’s Cathedral were both burnt.


On Tuesday, King Charles II ordered that houses and shops be pulled down to stop the fire from spreading. By Wednesday, they had the fire under control. But by then, 100,000 people were homeless.

King Charles II

This is a portrait of King Charles II, he made decisions about what happened after the Great Fire.

Imagine you have lived through the Great Fire of 1666. You have lost your home and many of your belongings. You are living in a tent outside of London. What questions do you have for the King?


TASK: Write your questions down.  

Great Fire of London: What Happened After the Great Fire?


King Charles II made a speech to the people of London; he praised the courage of the people who tried to put out the fire. He also said that he wanted to rebuild the city and make plans to ensure another disaster like this could not happen again.

This is a painting of London before the fire.


 The houses are made from wood, often leaning into the streets and tightly packed together.  

What was dangerous?

What could make the new houses safer?

What could be done to make the streets cleaner?

What could be done to make the streets safer?


TASK: How would you rebuild London?


How will the houses be safer?
What will the houses be made from?
What will the streets look like?
How much space will there be?

Here is an architect’s idea of how he or she might design a city.


Task: Can you create a poster of how you want to rebuild London?


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